Your questions answered on the general election in June

The sterling move can be attributed to two things - firstly the fact that the market expects the Conservatives to win by a comfortable margin thus providing continuity of government and also greater freedom for Theresa May in her Brexit negotiations (since she will no longer be hostage to the most vehement anti-EU Tory MPs).

Under Britain's Fixed-Term Parliaments Act, the prime minister can call an election if two-thirds of lawmakers vote for it. If May were to gain more seats, she would be able to have more freedom to pursue her own agenda, and to neutralize those inside and outside her own party who disagree with her positions.

"The Labour Party is at sixes and sevens on its stance on Brexit", said John Curtice, professor of politics at the University of Strathclyde.

The bid failed, with French voters rejecting the right and electing the Socialists to a majority in the National Assembly, forcing Chirac to appoint Socialist leader Lionel Jospin as prime minister.

Explaining her change of heart on an early election, May said: "I have concluded the only way to guarantee certainty and security for years ahead is to hold this election".

Since taking office after her predecessor David Cameron resigned in the wake of Britain's June 23 vote to leave the EU, May had repeatedly ruled out going to the polls before the next scheduled election in 2020. "She talks about the national interest but I can't see that this is in anyone's interest but the Conservative Party's". If you want to avoid a disastrous hard Brexit, if you want to keep Britain in the single market, if you want a Britain that is open, tolerant and united, this is your chance.

Other questions that make the list include "What is a snap election?", "What does "general election" mean?" and "Who can vote in a general election?"

"The British people deserve to see their potential leaders talking about the future of our country", Farron said. "Let us put forward our plans for Brexit and our alternative programs for government and then let the people decide", May said. An average of all opinion polls current has the Conservatives on 42 percent and Labour on 27 percent, enough to deliver a substantial majority to May.

Britain's Prime Minister Theresa May just called a snap election.

Corbyn and the leader of the minority Liberal Democrats Tim Farron both welcomed May's decision to call a general election.

The Scottish National Party now holds 54 of Scotland's 59 seats in the British Parliament, making it the third-largest party there.

Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon called the decision a "huge political miscalculation" by May "in terms of Scotland".

Explaining her decision, Mrs May said that Westminster had become divided following the European Union referendum, which could "cause damaging uncertainty and instability to the country". If you want Britain to have a decent opposition.

European Union negotiations won't really get underway until Autumn, so this is seen as the last chance for May to call an election before formal proceedings begin. It also goes on to say that the Lib Dems are claiming that since May's announcement, 1,000 people have joined the party.

  • Rogelio Becker