Farmajo calls for arms' embargo end to defeat al-Shabab

Consolidate the federal system of government established in 2004 was another of the president's promises to the conclave, attended by British Prime Minister Theresa May, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, Moussa Faki Mahamat, chairman of the Commission of the African Union and heads of state of the continent.

The United Nations has said it requires a further $900 million (£700 million) in aid this year for the drought in Somalia.

As well as galvanising the global community to boost its response to the humanitarian crisis, the conference also aims to broker a security pact under which disparate forces would join together to form a functional national Somali army.

In late February, Farmajo declared a national disaster for the drought that has forced 6.2 million Somalis - about half of the country's population - to seek urgent food assistance and triggered fears of a potential starvation, according to the UN.

"And when conditions allow, Somali troops will take over from their Amisom allies." said foreign secretary Boris Johnson.

The Prime Minister held talks with both President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya and Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn at Downing Street ahead of a major worldwide conference focusing on the future of the East African nation.

British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson responded that "this is not the time to lift the arms embargo" and that the priority should be on helping Somalia's military work together with regional forces that already exist across the long-fragmented nation. He said we can tip the scales from danger to safety.

Despite this progress, May said, Somalia was still ranked the most fragile state in the world and was suffering from a severe drought that had left more than 6 million people in need of humanitarian assistance and driven millions from their homes.

US President Donald Trump recently approved an expanded military role in Somalia, a position that included carrying out more aggressive measures against the insurgents who hold parts of the country.

The Al Qaeda-linked Islamist militant group has lost much of the territory it once controlled in Somalia, including the capital Mogadishu, but its deadly attacks remain one of the main obstacles to stability in the chaotic Horn of Africa country.

Hundreds of thousands of Somalis, the vast majority women and children, have been displaced by a drought since November.

The UK Prime Minister also pledged an increase in volume and speed of UK aid and security forces.

Somalia and the African Union (AU) have been struggling to remove al-Shabaab, but they still control large parts of the country.

Save the Children chief Keven Watkins said the African country "continues to drift toward an avoidable starvation".

  • Santos West