Cancer Deaths Continue to Decline
- Author: Santos West Jan 06, 2018,
Jan 06, 2018, 0:33
"A decline in consumption of cigarettes is credited with being the most important factor in the drop in cancer death rates".
It takes more than a year to collate death certificates and analyze the data on cancer deaths.
"While we are making all of these advances, I think we can all recognize that we can still do a lot better", said Dr. L. Michelle Bennett, director of the Center for Research Strategy at the National Cancer Institute, who was not involved with the report.
The cancer death rate fell 1.7 percent from 2014 to 2015, the report finds.
Since 1991, the decline in cancer mortality has translated to approximately 2,378,600 fewer cancer deaths than what would have occurred had peak rates persisted, the researchers reported. The cancer death rate was 14 percent higher in non-Hispanic blacks than in non-Hispanic whites, according to the paper.
The cancer death rate in the USA has dropped 26 percent since 1991.
Among Americans more youthful than 65, the death rate was just about a third higher among blacks than whites - with considerably bigger variations in many states.
Researchers agree, however, that the reasons behind racial disparities in cancer deaths are multi-pronged and still not fully understood.
"Larger racial inequalities in young and middle-aged adults probably partly reflect less access to high-quality health care", the authors write. Cancer death rates were not statistically different by race in Kentucky and West Virginia, for example, but were the highest of all states for whites.
In women, the overall cancer incidence rate remained stable over the past few decades.
The demise rate dropped 39 percent from 1989 to 2015 for female bosom disease and 52 percent from 1993 to 2015 for prostate tumor. Breast cancer alone represents 30 percent of all new cancer diagnoses in women.
'Strikingly though, tobacco remains by far the leading cause of cancer deaths today, responsible for almost three in ten cancer deaths, ' he added.
The most common cancers to be diagnosed in men are prostate, lung, and colorectal cancers, which account for 42 percent of all cases, with prostate cancer alone accounting for nearly 1 in 5 new diagnoses.
Lung cancer is among the most common forms of cancer in the USA, and certainly the most deadly.