Nipah virus claims one more life, Death toll rises to 11

Officials believe the outbreak in India might have started with bats.

"She was using an oxygen mask because her oxygen levels were low", Mr Parambath said.

The Kerala cabinet on Wednesday offered Government job to Lini's (Nurse who died due to Nipah Virus) husband and Rs 10 lakh each to her two sons.

Individually, exams run on useless bats within the northern state of Himachal Pradesh had been unfavourable for Nipah, an official there stated.

That said, as minor and local as the outbreak is, authorities are still taking necessary precautions to ensure that it remains as such.

Nipah virus - a deadly condition spread by fruit bats - has killed more people in the southern Indian state of Kerala overnight.

Health experts say there is no vaccine yet for the virus, which causes fever and breathlessness in affected patients as initial symptoms, and only intensive care can help. "The natural host of the virus is the fruit bat of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus".

The virus is spread through bodily fluids that can be passed from one creature to another.

"He was on ventilator support for a week and died today morning", Kerala state health director Sarita R.L. told AFP of Moosa, 60.

There is now no vaccine or drug available for humans or animals and the main treatment is intensive support care for those who are suffering from respiratory and neurologic problems. NiV was first identified during an outbreak of disease in Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia, in 1998.

Also, humans become infected with Nipah as a result of consuming food products contaminated by secretions of infected fruit bats. Biosecurity level 4 is the classification for Nipah Virus for laboratory personnel to adhere to. At the late stages of the disease, most of the infected who die succumb to brain swelling and blood vessel inflammation. In India, it was first reported in 2001 and again six years later, with the two earlier outbreak claiming 50 lives.

"A few cases of infection by Nipah virus have been reported from Kozhikode district in Kerala". The Virus Research Diagnostic Laboratory at Manipal Hospital and the National Institute of Virology have been asked to meet the diagnostic challenges.

The virus can also affect people's respiratory systems as they may suffer from a cough or have difficulty breathing.

  • Santos West