Trudeau sets date for marijuana legalization in Canada

Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould offered a long view: "This is an historic milestone for progressive policy in Canada as we shift our approach to cannabis".

A resident smokes a large marijuana joint during the 420 Day festival on the lawns of Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, on April 20, 2018.

This is due to the fact that the permitted amount of plants in provinces that favour home cultivation can produce well above the legal amount permitted to be in any ones home at one given time.

Quebec and Manitoba have already chose to ban home-grown weed, despite the fact that the federal bill specifies that individuals may grow up to four plants per dwelling. "If individuals are challenging that law, they can challenge it", Wilson-Raybould said.

C-45 is also expected to spark a billion-dollar industry, given total spending on marijuana could surge as high as 58%, especially as users are expected to be willing to pay a premium for legal access to the drug.

As provinces decide local rules of implementation, marijuana availability will vary across the country.

"I think it's awful that the priority of the Liberal government is, after rushing this thing through, to fundraise off the backs of the legalization of marijuana instead of addressing the very serious concerns that were raised about how slow they've been with public education, about workplace safety, about the traffic death potential", she said.

"They seem to take every opportunity to use what they do in government to raise money for the party instead of keeping the lines separate".

Government unveiled its marijuana legislation for the province back in May, including laws around safety, sales, and possession limits for Newfoundlanders and Labradorians. "We worked very hard on reviewing the bill, proposing amendments" but ultimately deferred to the will of the elected House of Commons, as unelected senators should, he said. But it rejected 13 amendments.

After more than a year of intensive study in both the House and Senate, the bill cleared the final legislative hurdle Tuesday evening, passing by a vote of 52 to 29 with two abstentions. Now we can start to tackle some of the harms of cannabis.

Only Uruguay has made recreational marijuana legal at the federal level. Much of the other regulations will be left up to provincial governments, which will also be allowed to manage and sell marijuana themselves.

It was effectively legalised for medical use almost two decades ago, in 2001.

He said the federal government received valuable advice from Colorado and other US states that have legalized recreational marijuana.

  • Rogelio Becker